Periodontal disease is actually an infection of the tissues and bone that surround and support the teeth. Usually, the disease occurs when plague and bacteria build-up around teeth and under the gumline. In the beginning stages of the disease, gums become tender and may bleed. This is commonly called gingivitis. If left untreated, the infection can cause loss of tissue, bone and teeth.
Other risk factors that can cause gum disease include:
- Poor or inconsistent oral hygiene
- Smoking and/or use of tobacco products
- Genetic predisposition
Routine home dental care (brushing and flossing) and professional care (scaling and dental cleaning) at our office are critical to prevent periodontal disease. During treatment, we provide oral hygiene instructions, professional deep cleaning, medications (if needed) and in some cases, surgery.